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MEXICAN TRANSNATIONAL CRIMINAL ORGANIZATIONS (MTCO)s pose the greatest crime threat to the United States and have “the greatest drug trafficking influence,” according to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA’s) annual National Drug Threat Assessment. These organizations, often referred to as Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs), continue to diversify into crimes of extortion, human smuggling, and oil theft, among others. Their supply chains traverse the Western Hemisphere and the globe. Their extensive violence since 2006 has caused Mexico’s homicide rate to spike. They produce and traffic illicit drugs into the United States, including heroin, methamphetamine, marijuana, and synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and they traffic South American cocaine. MTCO activities significantly affect the security of both the United States and Mexico. As Mexico’s TCOs expanded their control of the opioids market, U.S. overdoses rose sharply according to the Centers for Disease Control, setting a record in 2019 with more than 70% of overdose deaths involving opioids, including fentanyl. Many analysts believe that Mexican TCOs’ role in the trafficking and producing of opioids is continuing to expand. Although that isn’t everything when it comes down to Mexican TCOs as some of them operating inside of the United States have a lot more to the story than what meets the eye and several Mexican TCOs exist in the United States, with focus on setting up a operation in new High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA)s. One of the groups in San Andreas were suspected to be affiliated to the Arellano Félix Organization a/k/a the Tijuana Organized Crime Group, once known for San Andreas' fentanyl and China White Heroin epidemic. The AFO is a regional “tollgate” organization that has historically controlled the drug smuggling route between Baja California (Mexico) to southern San Andreas. It is based in the border city of Tijuana, and to this day runs tight ship on the borderline between Tijuana-San Diego. The AFO have influence in Ensenada and Tijuana in Mexico, and in San Diego, Oceanside, Riverside and Los Santos in the United States of America. Their main influential powerhouse in the United States of America is in San Diego, where many AFO operatives reside and own businesses. In 2019, it was brought to attention that many of the American based operatives under the AFO's banner were actually from San Diego, born and raised in the city. Due to this the Drug Enforcement Administration put a label on the group and named them the I-5 Distribution Circle, I-5 referring to one of the main interstates on the West Coast going from the Mexican border directly up to the Canadian border, with a sub-interstate also called Interstate-5 on San Andreas island nicknamed the La Puerta Freeway, where many of the operatives tend to base their operates around. Whether it be mainland West Coast, or the island of San Andreas, both of the Insterstate-5s tend to tie in with this as the I-5 in San Andreas also has a major running-line going through the city of LS which provides easy access to sub-distro hubs in the city. On San Andreas, the Insterstate-5 also known as La Puerta Freeway is a freeway that runs through Los Santos. It starts/ends after a T-Intersection off the Del Perro Freeway and runs through West Los Santos as the Miriam Turner Overpass before it ends at the Port of LS and turns into Elysian Fields Freeway in South Los Santos. This makes it one of the prime running-lines on the island of San Andreas as a whole when it comes to drug distribution as traffickers and dealers can hop on and off the interstate like a piece of cake and be in one part of the city within under 30 minutes; bypassing Los Santos' horrendous traffic clam. Whilst the Insterstate-5 on the mainland of the West Coast is going through three different states in the middle, starting at the Mexican Baja Californian border, and running its way up to the Canadian Blaine border. This makes it one of the most prone drug trafficking routes on the West Coast's mainland used by Mexican Transnational Criminal Organizations as groups like the Sinaloa Cartel, New Generation Jalisco Cartel and the Arellano Felix Organization can easily use this interstate to hit any of the major High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTAs) under their influence. One of the more labelled groups when it comes to drug trafficking along the Interstate-5 is the crew referred to as La Puerta Boys; given to them because of their suspected manipulation with the I-5. The group allegedly uses the Insterstate-5 to move their product from point A to point B, essentially using the I-5 as a transshipment point and any towns or cities along it. Whether it's on the island of San Andreas or on the West Coast's mainland. Due to this La Puerta Boys are rumored to have influence on the island of San Andreas, alongside the mainland cities such as San Diego, Santa Barbara and Riverside. There is many other groups that manipulate the Interstate-5's routes, including: Grupo Ensenada, Las Moicas, Xalisco Boys, Border Brothers 22, Ramirez-Diaz Organization, and much more. Many groups moving product in the United States of America are either one of two things: 1. direct sub-factions of plenipotentiaries 2. Independent Drug Trafficking Organizations. In 2021 alone, the Border Brothers 22 and La Puerta Boys were rumored to not only transport product along the Interstate-5 from Mexico into the United States, but also transport money back to Mexico from the United States, firearms back to Mexico from the United States and also dabbled in human trafficking including prostitution via smuggling women across the borderline from Mexico into the United States and either selling them to a buyer or pimping them out in cities along the I-5. When it comes to Mexican Transnational Organized Crime, more often than not there's more happening than it might seem; one of the major examples of this is whilst a MTCO cell may transport product from Mexico into the United States, that very same MTCO cell may also be running a prostitution scheme at the same time. LA PUERTA BOYS A/K/A THE INTERSTATE-5 GROUP is one of the newer Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTO)s that came to fruition in the mid-2010s on the West Coast of the United States of America. La Puerta Boys originally came to fruition in the city of Chula Vista, in San Diego County. They were once a crew under the long-standing Border Brothers 22 until the mid-2010s when they were suspected of breaking away and becoming their own thing with the backing of a AFO clan from Ensenada, Baja California in Mexico. After breaking away from the Border Brothers 22 and becoming their own entity, La Puerta Boys were rumored to have instantly started working under the Ensenada Group (Spanish: Grupo Ensenada) from the AFO, La Puerta Boys were suspected by local law enforcement in San Diego County of moving product across the borderline for Grupo Ensenada, often using Chula Vista as a hub for storage until they were ready to transport the product to the final destination. This essentially meant that La Puerta Boys used San Diego as a whole as a transshipment point between Mexico and the rest of the Southern West Coast of the United States of America. Although it wasn't until the late-2010s that La Puerta Boys actually got the name La Puerta Boys documented on them by law enforcement, until that point there was really no solidified name for the group and in-fact it was merely referred to/and confused with being Grupo Ensenada directly, even though it wasn't. In the late-2010s, the group known as La Puerta Boys grew a fascination with Los Santos as described by the Los Santos Police Department. Once that fascination grew, the group began primarily focusing on San Andreas and pushing their influence onto the island, where they often distributed product. One of the main ways they got around the island was the sub-factor of the mainland's Interstate-5 used by the same group on the mainland, but on the island. The Insterstate-5 existed on the mainland, and on the island as a sub-factor, although on the island it was known as the La Puerta Freeway; which is eventually how La Puerta Boys obtained their name by law enforcement. The group itself doesn't identify as La Puerta Boys or the Insterstate-5 Group, instead it's merely a documented name used by law enforcement to factor out those who may or may not be affiliated with the group's circle. The only official "member" of the group that has been documented is Alejandro "Torpedo" Ibanez, who was found guilty of triple drug trafficking charges and is currently serving time in FCI Phoenix; essentially meaning most of the group's operatives are still unknown to law enforcement to this very day. Although when it comes to the island of San Andreas, rumors of the Border Brothers 22 and La Puerta Boys coexisting under the same banner tend to run wild. Although membership inside La Puerta Boys hasn't been uncovered by authorities yet, there has been several suspected Border Brothers who affiliate themselves with individuals with supposed links to Tijuana who're also from San Diego; mainly Southeast. This is where the rumors of the Border Brothers 22 and La Puerta Boys being under the same organization (metaphorically speaking) in San Andreas has come from. One of the more common misconceptions that the general public may think is that everyone associated and/or taking part in Mexican Transnational Criminal Organizations (MTCO)s are only of Mexican descent, whether it be Mexican-American or Mexican-National. But the reality is; this couldn't be further from the truth, countless Drug Enforcement Administration and Department of Homeland Security charts have shown that more than 75% of the Mexican Transnational Criminal Organization (MTCO) cells in the United States of America actually employ average citizens no matter the race; whether it be: African-American, Caucasian-American, Asian, Hispanic or Middle-Eastern. The reason for this is literally proven by this paragraph already, most assume all operatives are of Mexican descent and you wouldn't expect a 4th generation Korean-American from Little Seoul to be employed by a Mexican Transnational Criminal Organization (MTCO) cell. In hindsight this tactic has worked wonders for years, as it keeps those who're at the very top of the food chain out of the limelight per say. In the modern decade, ever since the mid-2010s; the Arellano Félix Organization began to specialize in moving Peruvian Cocaine across the borderline due to finding Colombian drug traffickers to be unstable due to the guerilla warfare going on against Narcos in the country at the time and Heroin such as Black Tar and China White which came directly from the Jalisco New Generation Cartel whilst the Arellano Félix Organization was under their banner. Although in the late-2010s to early-2020s when the Arellano Félix Organization broke away from the Jalisco New Generation Cartel and sided with the Sinaloa Cartel; the supply of China White and Black Tar Heroin came from the Chapitos group and other outsourced connects instead. The Border Brothers 22 were one of the main distribution cells for the Arellano Félix Organization and the Sinaloa Cartel, ever since the late-1990s. Although as time went on they went from a prison gang in Tijuana, to a distribution cell in the United States and eventually became a Security Threat Group (STG), with main areas of influence in Colorado, Arizona and San Andreas. Although in San Andreas the Border Brothers 22 weren't an independent Security Threat Group (STG) and instead were more of a sub-factor of the Mexican Mafia; where many Border Brothers and Southsiders were often very close with each other. It wasn't until the Grupo Ensenada cell from the Arellano Félix Organization granted La Puerta Boys the backing to split from the Border Brothers 22, that the Arellano Félix Organization seen La Puerta Boys become of the more fierce and reliable distribution cells in the United States. Whilst being low-key and operating in the shadows is the aim of United States based plenipotentiaries, the Arellano Félix Organization appreciated the fact that the I-5 Group a/k/a La Puerta Boys weren't afraid to handle their own issues if it came to having trouble. Today it's suspected that La Puerta Boys and the Border Brothers 22 are one in the same, working under the same Mexican Transnational Criminal Organization (MTCO) cell in San Andreas whilst under the supervision of Los Aretes commonly known as the Arellano Félix Organization. While the illicit drug epidemic in San Andreas is booming more than ever, and probably won't ever die down anytime soon; it's safe to say that the Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Homeland Security and local law enforcement are doing their best to combat the narco traffickers that smuggle and distribute these narcotics onto the streets of San Andreas via manipulating the La Puerta Freeway's a/k/a Interstate-5's routes. MEXICAN TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME has always been somewhat multiracial in the United States of America, often due to the principal that if you're worth it and trusted enough to run with a cell, you're adopted into that cell. Internal cell racism statistics are unknown, but plenty of African-Americans, Caucasian-Americans and Middle-Eastern-Americans have been involved with Cartel cells on the United States side of the border since the late-2000s. Chaldean-Americans specifically have a deep entrenched involvement with Mexican Transnational Criminal Organizations and often act as middlemen between the Cartel cell and the buyer on the street whether it includes street gangs or motorcycle clubs. Not much is known on the modern day operation in the 2020s of the Chaldean Mob and its presence inside Mexican Transnational Organized Crime but one thing that can be said is from the late-2000s to the mid to late-2010s; the Chaldean Mob in San Diego County were major middlemen inside of the operation for the Chapitos group of the Sinaloa Cartel and the Tigres group of the Arellano Felix Organization dubbed the Tijuana Cartel. One memorable event that has stuck with maybe San Diego natives is the lockdown of El Cajon in the early-2010s in 2011 where the Chaldean Mob was indicted in an operation known as Operation Shadowbox. Through the early to mid to late-2010s from 2012 to 2017; the Chaldean Mob in San Diego County were considered somewhat dwindled per say due to the indictment but were still known to operate fluently and functionally, where local law enforcement from San Diego and the Drug Enforcement Administration watched them throughout the years. A detective from the San Diego Police Department's Narcotics and Gang's Division stated that the Chaldean Mafia still ran tight ship and middle-manned operations for both the Sinaloa and Tijuana organizations from Mexico. Presumably due to the Chapitos group from the Sinaloa Cartel being on very close business terms with the Tigres group from the Arellano Felix Organization, it's speculated that the Chaldean Mob moved weight for both organizations as they benefitted from moving product for both due to both being in close business relations at the time. Trevor Hormizd also known as Teddy is one of the many suspected Chaldean Mob affiliates, from the El Cajon area of San Diego County. On the 4th of June 2019; Trevor was arrested for the homicide of Ethan De Leon from the National City area of San Diego County. Trevor was sentenced to 14 years with parole after 1/3 of his sentence complete on the 9th of September 2021 for the homicide, after a long investigation and trial. Trevor denied all accused claims made against him but during trial a recording was played where Trevor was caught on tape discussing the murder and its events with an undercover informant: "Trevor Hormizd says: Fuckin crazy bro, you know? Undercover Informant says: What's crazy man? Trevor Hormizd says: You know the way he went out, that shit man? Lined him up with an Uzi and just let it rip brother. Undercover Informant says: Mmh... yeah, I feel you dude, I feel you... anyways what you want to drink? I'ma order. Trevor Hormizd says: Hmm... Corona or some shit." It's exactly unknown how the Chaldean Mob became connected to the Arellano Felix Organization, although many speculated it was with the help of the Chapitos who at the time were apart of the Sinaloa Cartel. The Sinaloa Cartel moved weight to Detroit for decades and supposedly formed a pipeline with the Chaldean Mob originally to flood the city with cocaine and heroin in the 90s and early 2000s, whilst many other groups were struggling for a connect; Detroit seen the local Chaldean Mob rise to prominence for sometime due to their direct connect with Mexico. The Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Homeland Security and Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives have said that there's a deeply entrenched connection between the San Diego Chaldean Mob and the Detroit Chaldean Mob and that both are supposedly apart of the exact same network which expands throughout the entirety of the United States. This is unconfirmed for the most part, but would make a lot of sense with how events in history shaped themselves to be. On the 5th of January 2022; Antonio De Leon also known as El Ametralladora, Frank Butti also known as Eastside Frank and Michael Aho also known as Fat Mike were arrested by the Drug Enforcement Administration in joint cooperation with local San Diego law enforcement and the Department of Homeland Security. Antonio De Leon was charged arrested under the intent to smuggle firearms, whereas Frank Butti and Michael Aho were arrested on numerous firearms trafficking charges; also violating the strawman act. This was a year and a half worth of investigation, that ended with the three individuals being caught red-handed during the deal as it was going down. Reported the deal was busted by an undercover Confidential Informant at the time whose alias was Brandon Mendez also known as Daygo Maniac, it's unclear how deep Brandon Mendez was with the operation but he has since been taken in for questioning and is planned to run as state's witness against the trio in their trial. Alongside two AK-47s and a Glock, there was three kilos of Cocaine at the scene. The three kilos in total could be worth upwards of nine hundred dollars in total in Peru where it was manufactured, upwards of nine to twelve thousand in total in certain parts of Mexico and upwards of twenty to thirty thousand on the streets of San Diego and Los Santos. It's safe to safe that although this wasn't a major bust per say, the authorities are still saying it's one step in the fight towards the War On Drugs. When speaking to one of the Narcotics detectives in the San Diego Police Department he told the press that: "The amount of drugs that come across the border weekly are way too much in comparison to what we may even get monthly, but anything that is taken off of the dealers is one step in the right direction to protecting our communties". This comment left many dumbfounded and shocked, as it really went to show how much drugs came across the border and how little the authorities in reality took off the streets. For every ten kilos the police department takes off the streets, a hundred more are moved over the border; almost as if it was a trade-for-trade in hindsight.