Search the Community
Showing results for tags 'little seoul'.
LITTLE SEOUL Little Seoul is a bustling multi-cultural enclave in Los Santos, SA. The neighborhood is known for its density in East Asian and Latin American populations. Numerous ethnic groups are represented in this 4,275km² neighborhood. They include Koreans, Japanese, Mexicans, Salvadorans, and Hondurans. The businesses contain cafes, convenience stores, and bars. Little Seoul was known for its Korean emigrant population, which formed the largest Korean minority in the entire Western United States until 1992. Koreans first started arriving in Little Seoul during the 1950s and 1960s, fleeing from warfare, regime changes, authoritarianism, and militancy in South Korea. In the 2020s, Koreans are increasingly in decline in Little Seoul as Latin American immigration becomes more prominent, and other Asians such as Chinese immigrants begin to move in. Little Seoul is an urban neighborhood in West Los Santos that is bordered by Rockford Hills to the north, Downtown and Strawberry to the east, Vespucci to the west and La Puerta to the south. Little Seoul was a commercial area until the 1940s when many of the office buildings and businesses were redeveloped and repurposed for homes needed for returning World War 2 veterans. During the 1950s the veterans moved further out to the suburbs as the first refugees from the Korean War began arriving. The Korean population in Little Seoul peaked in 1987 but has been in a documented decline since the 1992 Los Santos riots. Despite their decreasing population, Korean businesses still form the majority of commerce in the neighborhood. International Asian corporations such as Kayton and Wiwang are headquartered there. During the 2000s Korean and Latin American business owners cooperatively ran restaurants together, during which they created infusions between Korean and Latin American cuisine. It's a densely populated and historically working-class neighborhood with an ethnically diverse and multicultural population. Many buildings in the area have Korean signage, and some of them are named after bars and restaurants in Seoul, South Korea. The criminal underworld in Little Seoul emerged during the 1960s and 70s with Korean criminal organizations enjoying a "golden era" from roughly 1963 until 2007. Gangs of Korean migrant adolescents were formed in the 1970s, and they included the Korean Playboys (KPB) & Red Tiger Gang (RTG). Simultaneously, the Korean Mob (Kkangpae) was documented by the LSPD and FBI as early as 1969. Since the 2000s the Korean Playboys are a dwindling gang of Kkangpae enforcers, while the Red Tiger Gang was disbanded by the LSPD in 1998. As of 2021, Korean criminality in the neighborhood has been rapidly outpaced by Latin American gangs such as 18th Street and the Mara Salvatrucha 13. The 18th Street gang mainly occupies the northern part of Ginger Street and has since the early 1990s. The first Mara Salvatrucha gang formed in Little Seoul was the Palomino Stoners, formed in 1981 by Salvadoran Civil War refugees and ex-insurgents. Despite MS-13's Salvadoran supremacist mentality, the Palomino Stoners were known for their tolerance and even acceptance of Koreans in the neighborhood. Some Korean American teenagers have allegedly been recruited into the Mara Salvatrucha since the early 2000s, according to LSPD Gang & Narcotics detectives. THE MARA SALVATRUCHA 13 The Mara Salvatrucha 13, known in the United States and Latin America as La Mara, The Two Letters, Trece Diecenueve, or simply MS-13, is a Central American street gang and transnational criminal organization that originated in Los Santos in the early 1980s. The Mara Salvatrucha's founding members were Northern Triangle refugees, fleeing the civil wars and revolutions taking place in Central American countries. Many of the gang's OGs were communist guerrillas during the civil wars. Other "mareros" were once soldiers in the national armies or illegal migrant workers. During the 1980s many Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and Nicaraguans were refused entry into the United States as refugees. Resultantly, Central Americans illegally settled across the American Southwest without any documentation. These migrants created Latino communities called "barrios" around their new cities. Most emigrants were faced with poverty, unemployment, workplace exploitation, racial profiling, and criminality. These austere conditions provided a flourishing environment for criminal gangs to form. Throughout the 1980s ragtag criminal groups of Salvadoran migrants popped up around Los Santos, SA. Among these competing groups, the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners grew pre-eminent by absorbing other disorganized gangs. The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners were concentrated in Little Seoul, East Vinewood, and Mirror Park, for the most part. Known for their attendance at punk rock concerts, and for smoking dope in public parks. Their revenue primarily came from selling marijuana and psychedelics, but they eschewed heavier drugs. Faced with hateful prejudice from other racial minorities, the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners became a fully-fledged street gang quite rapidly. This was achieved out of perceived necessity, as many Central Americans were denied employment and harassed by Mexican-Americans, Koreans, and blacks. The gang replicated wartime violence against other ethnic gangs such as the Bloods, Crips, Sureños, and the Korean Playboys (KPB). These street wars were seen as inter-ethnic clashes by the mainstream media and the general population of Los Santos. Within a decade the Mara Salvatrucha garnered a very fearful and notorious reputation around Los Santos. They employed insurgent tactics against rival gangs that involved sniper attacks, IEDs, non-explosive boobytraps, and alleyway ambushes. The Los Santos police and FBI documented the gang in 1986. Shortly thereafter Central American gang-bangers started getting deported in waves. These massive deportations are still happening today, and are often attributed to the MS-13's rapid rise and proliferation throughout Latin American countries such as El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and a much lesser extent, Southern Mexico. Until 1989 the Mara Salvatrucha collaborated with the 18th Street Gang in Los Santos. They partnered during street wars, narcotics production, and gun-running around the city. But in 1989 a Mirror Park-based MS-13 criminal was gunned down by an 18th Street Gang member. This killing was allegedly over a girlfriend who'd been romantically approached, rejected, and allegedly sexually assaulted by the deceased marero. Communication between the gangs broke down, and bloodshed immediately followed. From 1989-1995 alone, 200 criminals from both gangs had been killed across Los Santos. The first 5 years of the street war were especially brutal, as guerrilla-esque fighting ran rampant around the barrios. The Los Santos police were poorly equipped to handle this problem, and local gangs lacked the militant experience for effective defenses. In the late 1990s the Mexican Mafia were forced to mediate the situation because their profits were adversely affected. Additionally, the street war had received excessive attention from law enforcement and mainstream media. When the street wars of the 1980s and 1990s gradually died down between the years of 1996 and 1999, the Mara Salvatrucha was no longer a single clique of Salvadoran gang-bangers who identified with punk rock culture. They were a new and vicious breed of street gang who was feared throughout the city's impoverished districts and slums for their cold-blooded approach to crime. It was during this time period that the Mexican Mafia (eMe) met with Mara Salvatrucha shot-callers in the streets, and brought them under the umbrella of Latino gangs in Southern San Andreas. The shot-callers from the Mara Salvatrucha agreed to the Mexican Mafia's demands and officially added 13 to their street gang's name, thus making them the Mara Salvatrucha 13. MS-13 and 18th Street expanded to the American Midwest and Northeast in the 1990s. This was done to avoid harsher criminal penalties in San Andreas. Deportations heavily continued into the 2000s, with the eventual peak in 2003. Policing priorities shifted away from criminal gangs towards Islamic terrorism, as the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) was well underway. Exploiting this internal resource allocation. In addition to their even heavier presence in Los Santos and western states, the Mara Salvatrucha rapidly proliferated along the East Coast of the USA. Many Caribbean and South American kids were picked up for recruitment, much to the anger of other Latino gangs. Teenagers were sometimes forcibly taken from the streets and dysfunctional homes. They were made to join the gang under the threat of death. Entrepreneurial gang leaders from as far away as Los Santos and El Salvador would forever try to make the East Coast theirs. The region became a testing ground for some of the gang’s most ambitious schemes. Mostly failed forays into drug dealing, cigarette contraband, and human trafficking, but the MS-13 was also splintering. In the Eastern States of the US, cliques with Los Santos roots competed for attention from San Andreas-based gang leaders. Cliques originally based in El Salvador looked to Central America for direction. Still, others were native to the region and sought to build their own reputation within the gang instead. This diffuse nature caused the MS-13 gang to become a splintered organization mainly consisting of different sub-factions that became known within the gang as "programs" or "ranflas." The disorganization made for a near-constant leadership vacuum. Violent intergang reprisals led to police crackdowns—key members would go to prison and cliques would weaken. As new leaders emerged and cliques clawed back power, another violent incident would lead to more arrests and another power vacuum, perpetuating the cycle. Before long the gang on both sides of the country began a process of internal cleansing. MS-13 cliques turned on one another, and instead of focusing on street wars with rival gangs, were more focused on wiping each other out than anything else. This lasted for roughly 10 years before the internal war became nothing more than a washed-up rivalry between the MS-13's two main programs in the region, with some flare-ups during the early 2010s. Aside from the rare occasions when inter-program violence spilled into San Andreas, Los Santos-based MS-13 members were for the most part careless about the politics of their East Coast counterparts, and many looked down on the MS-13 gangs outside of San Andreas. Throughout the late 2000s and early 2010s, the Mara Salvatrucha in San Andreas rapidly organized itself and continued to operate heavily in their traditional neighborhoods of Little Seoul, Hawick, and East Vinewood. During this time period the Mara Salvatrucha made little noise in the street gang underworld and only made headlines once in 2011 when the FBI indicted the Vinewood Locos Salvatruchas clique on racketeering, intimidation, and murder charges. Among those arrested in the 2011 indictment was Irwin "Porky" Melendez. Melendez was alleged to have been the leader of the Mara Salvatrucha in San Andreas and was involved in a scheme with his fellow East Vinewood gang members to use the Mexican Mafia and the Arellano Félix Organization's pull in the criminal underworld to expand his control over the MS-13 street gangs across the US, and attempted to establish a drug pipeline that went from Tijuana to Florida. This plan came crashing down, and Irwin received a death sentence at the Bolingbroke Correctional Facility after he killed a Vinewood man and his entire family in a horrific gang-related attack. More crackdowns on the street gang took place throughout the mid to late 2010s as knowledge of the gang's heinous crimes began to become common knowledge. In 2017 several key members of the gang's Little Seoul offshoot were arrested in a RICO indictment dubbed "Operation 13 Scoops." A third RICO sting took place in 2019 where several members of the Mara Salvatrucha's Northside clique were targeted and arrested in Hawick following a series of brutal, medieval-style murders on rival gang members throughout Los Santos county. In one instance the victim's heart was carved out of his body after gang members witnessed him deface MS-13 graffiti in the area. In modern times the Mara Salvatrucha street gang in Los Santos isn't what it once was. It still maintains strongholds in Little Seoul, East Vinewood, Hawick, and other Western Los Santos suburbs, but is far less influential in East Los Santos, South Central, and Vespucci Beach, due to ongoing conflicts with Chicano street gangs in those areas. The Mara Salvatrucha street gang and transnational criminal organization's primary source of income in Los Santos and the rest of the country is derived from criminal activities such as drug dealing, gun dealing, mass narcotics distribution, mass firearm distribution, extortion, hijacking, automotive vehicle theft, stolen auto exports, contract killing, human trafficking, sex trafficking, and organ trafficking. The membership of the Mara Salvatrucha in Los Santos is largely made up of teenagers whose ethnic origins lay in Central American countries such as Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua. A minority of members from the set are fresh off of the boat immigrants from the aforementioned countries, though this minority are almost all Americanized. Prospective street gang members are typically between the ages of 12 and 18 years old, usually coming from broken homes and dysfunctional families, or are heavily involved with the bullying phenomenon at area schools. It is rare for the set to recruit people over the age of 18, even though the shot-callers themselves are in their late teens and early 20s. As already stated, the street gang recruits teenagers who are caught up in very vulnerable situations with their biological families and/or in the school system, which makes them prime targets for coercion and intimidation. Teenagers who have outright refused to join up with the set in years past have faced beatings, stabbings, and in rare situations getting murdered on a whim. This fear of death, along with severe physical harm to a prospective member's friends/family helps to instill a sense of loyalty in new recruits and initiated members. Early on in a street gang member's career, they'll be made to deal illicit narcotics and stolen firearms by the higher-ups before they're able to move on to more severe crimes such as drive-by shootings and premeditated murders. LINDSAY LOCOS SALVATRUCHAS The Lindsay Locos Salvatruchas (LLS) is a clique of the Mara Salvatrucha 13 street gang and transnational criminal organization. Their turf is primarily located along Lindsay Circus and Palomino Avenue in Little Seoul. The Lindsay Locos originated as a Mara Salvatrucha Stoners offshoot in 1984. Like many MS13 cliques from this time period, they were predominately formed by refugees fleeing from the Salvadoran Civil War. A lot of the street gang's earliest members had served in combat with communist guerrillas and the Salvadoran Army during the Salvadoran Civil War. The guerrilla fighting and military training that the original members obtained in El Salvador proved to be effective in combating street gangs and the Los Santos Police Department in the first few years after the street gang's founding. The clique was originally named the Lindsay Circus Stoners (LCS) for their first few years of existence until they subsequently changed their name and became the Lindsay Locos Salvatruchas around the same time that the Mara Salvatrucha began to shed their 'stoner' image and removed the title from their name. In the clique's earliest days, they were primarily involved with small-time drug dealing. They sold drugs such as marijuana, LSD, and PCP at high schools, Little Seoul community centers, and local heavy metal concerts. They regularly drank light beer and smoked both marijuana & laced cigarettes in alleyways. They attended heavy metal concerts by acts such as Black Sabbath, AC/DC, and other similar bands when they toured Los Santos. Through attending heavy metal concerts, the Lindsay Locos took on the devil horns as their gang's official hand sign, a tradition that the Mara Salvatrucha has continued to use to this day. The Lindsay Locos became gradually more violent and aggressive towards their rivals following the death of Antonio 'Skooby' Locayo, an ex-Guatemalan communist guerrilla and highly respected member of LLS who was murdered by the 18th Street gang in 1989. He was publicly shot to death by members of 18th Street during a community barbecue in Little Seoul that was being hosted at Decker Park. This murder started a street war between MS13 and the 18th Street Gang that still exists today, and has also gone on throughout Mexico and Central America. In Los Santos, at least, the street war between the two large street gangs raged on until 1997 when the Mexican Mafia (La Eme) brought the Mara Salvatrucha gang under their umbrella. This formally classified them as Sureños. Despite being formally classified as Sureños, the Mara Salvatrucha in general continued to hold onto many of their original feuds, continuing after 1997 and going well into the early to late 2000s. They especially continued to hate the 18th Street gang and had previously begun street wars with Sureño street gangs as early as 1992. To this day, several Mara Salvatrucha street gangs in Los Santos and across the rural areas of Southern San Andreas have openly rebelled against the Mexican Mafia. They have violated many of their rules regarding the ethics of warfare between one street gang and another. Some of their cliques are heavily involved in sexual crimes and crimes against women & children. They have openly defied the Mexican Mafia's rulings on drive-by shootings, resulting in a few of their street gangs getting sanctioned (green lit) over the years. The Lindsay Locos themselves were involved in long and drawn-out street wars with various 18th Street cliques from Little Seoul, Vinewood, Vespucci, and South Central, beginning in 1989. Additionally, they occasionally attacked other Sureño street gangs such as Vespucci 13, Culver City Boys 13, Playboys 13, Ghetto Boyz 13, Orphans 13, and Harpys 13. In recent years, almost all of the original members of the LLS have either died in the streets, been incarcerated long-term, gotten deported back to Central America, or have managed to quietly retire from the gang life. As of 2018, only a few old retired members from the street gang continue to reside in Little Seoul, and they are all currently in their late 40s or early 50s. Today, the Lindsay Locos are primarily involved with the sale of methamphetamine and fake identification cards within Little Seoul. Some of its members sell stolen firearms that were robbed from people's dwellings or motor vehicles. Other crimes pursued by members of the street gang include extortion, violent kidnappings, and brutal premeditated murders. The only limits to their violent tendencies are rape, pimping, and other sexual crimes typically looked down upon by the Mexican Mafia. Many of these individualistically motivated violent crimes are perpetrated against members of their own ethnic Salvadoran enclaves, which has created widespread fear and hatred. Out of fear of either being deported or being targeted by the street gang, many Mexican and Central American residents of Little Seoul have refused to come forward to the police. The Mara Salvatrucha Lindsay Locos maintain very strong and friendly ties with most other Mara Salvatrucha 13 cliques in all regions of Los Santos. They especially have strong ties with the Ginger Locos (GLS), Tiny Winos (TWS), and Palomino Locos (PLS). However, they're known to feud with other MS13 cliques as well, mainly the Calais Lil Cycos (CLCS), with whom they fought a three-year war for control of Decker Park. LLS is one of the few Mara Salvatrucha sets to be openly hostile towards most, if not all African American street gangs, including gangs that other MS13 cliques are known to get along with such as the Rollin 20s Neighborhood Bloods. The general thinking among members of the LLS clique is that if you're not part of the Mara Salvatrucha banner then you're their sworn enemy. This, along with their racist tendencies has led to them being alienized and antagonized by most, if not all neighboring street gangs.
A triad is a Chinese transnational organized crime syndicate based in Greater China and has outposts in various countries with significant overseas Chinese populations. The organizational structure of Chinese organized crime in the United States is quite complex. Broadly defined, there is a great variety of Chinese criminal organizations. These include gangs, secret societies, triads, tongs, Taiwanese organized crime groups, and strictly US-based tongs and gangs. According to Ko-lin Chin, the foremost academic expert in the U.S. on Chinese organized crime, there is no empirical support for the belief that there is a well-organized, monolithic, hierarchical criminal cartel called the “Chinese Mafia.” The Chinese gangs are best known for trafficking in heroin and opium, but they are in fact as diversified as the biggest multinational conglomerate. Among their other activities are arms smuggling, credit card fraud, counterfeiting, software piracy, prostitution, gambling, loansharking, white-collar crime, home-invasion robbery, high-tech theft, and trafficking in endangered animals and plants. The triads are equally increasingly involved in the smuggling of illegal aliens. U.S. officials estimate that up to 100,000 Chinese are illegally smuggled into the country each year, many of them forced to live in involuntary obedience for a long period of time, while they work off their debt to the gangsters and smugglers that helped them to make their way into the states. In order to simplify and focus our discussion, this analysis will concentrate on the Fuk Ching gang. The Fuk Ching are active in Liberty City, and are regarded as one of the most powerful, and also transnationally active, Chinese organized crime groups in the U.S. (Chin, 1996). They are estimated to have approximately 35 members, with another 20 members currently in prison. Other major gangs in Liberty include the Ghost Shadows, Flying Dragons, Tung On, and Born-to-Kill. The Liberty City gangs, like the Fuk Ching, mainly operate extortion and protection rackets in defined neighborhoods in Liberty City’s Chinatown. Their victims are mostly businesses in Chinatown. In San Andreas, however, the Chinese organized crime presence, and the problem is quite different from that in Liberty City. In San Andreas, the dominant groups are the Wo Hop To and the Wah Ching. The Liberty City Police Department (LCPD), which polices the neighborhood in which the Fuk Ching are active, uses all the standard law enforcement practices commonly used to combat organized crime. These include informants, undercover investigators, and electronic surveillance. In addition, both the police and the FBI support and encourage extortion victims to use hotlines to report their victimization. The LCPD has also created an Asian Gang Intelligence Unit that employs street patrols to monitor street gangs. One of the structural characteristics that make Chinese organized crime different from other forms is the relationship between some of the street gangs and certain adult organizations. The latter are called tongs. The Fuk Ching, for example, is affiliated with the Fukien American Association. The Fukien American Association – as with other tongs and their relationships with gangs – provide the Fuk Ching with a physical place to gather and hang out. They allow the gang to operate on their (the tong’s) territory, thus legitimizing them with the community. Which is what usually appears in San Andreas as well. The smaller Chinese gangs fall under triads, that allows them to distribute and use their street as their so-called turf. In the state of San Andreas, there are more than thirty-two estimated Cantonese-American street gangs, and triads. One of them is the Paul Yin Gang, the street gang gained power in the early beginning of the 21st century when a huge wave of Cantonese-American migrants went to the Korean district of Los Santos. Many of them were smuggled through containers, which forced them to work for the smugglers/gangsters until they paid their debt off. Even though the Paul Yin Gang has had little to no influence over the area for the past twenty years, they've made quite a big name for themselves, as the LSPD had launched multiple raids in the area, charging many affiliates with money laundering charges, and involvement in loansharking. Over the last 2 decades, the United States and especially San Andreas has seen a huge inflow of Asian Americans. A look at how great of an Asian population there is in San Andreas is simply by looking at the enrollment at the University of Los Santos schools. UC Los Santos consists of Asian American and UC Red County is approximately 45%. This migration of Asians has brought many hard workers but it has also brought a new form of gangs more violent and brutal than America has ever seen. The Triads and the Tongs are one of the reasons why some Asian-Americans feel it necessary to join these gangs even though it seems to contradict the Asian "model minority" myth. The Asian American has been stereotyped as the "model minority", which implies that Asians have a strong work ethic, low profile, and a sense of loyalty to their family. Yet crimes by Asians in gangs have been occurring throughout San Andreas much more frequently than in years past. There seems to be a definite irony here in that the increases in Asian-American youth crime and the stereotype of Asian-Americans do not follow the same pattern. One such reason for this deviation is based on a matter of perspective in that one might consider crime by Asian-American youth as an occupation. If one takes into consideration that crime could be considered an occupation, then if the Asian-American work ethic focuses on succeeding in the new world, then the crime cannot be ruled out as an option to attaining financial class success. However, there is a more reasonable explanation as to why current Asian youth seem to deviate from the so-called "model minority" myth because of the two different phases in which Asians came to the United States. This huge inflow of Asians into San Andreas essentially occurred in two phases. In 1965, Congress passed an Immigration Act which abolished the old national-origins quota and increased the limit of 100 immigrants from countries within the "Asian-Pacific Triangle" to 20,000 immigrants per country from the Eastern Hemisphere, plus immigrants accepted within family preference standards: specifically spouses, minor children, and parents of citizens. This gave rise to a major wave of Asian immigration to America. This first wave in the 1 970s consisted of Asians who were highly educated, middle class, and urban. They arrived in a very short time frame, which allowed them to establish themselves successfully in America and thus was born the "model minority" myth. These immigrants were hard-working and stressed education as the tools to success and these tools would allow them to live the "American Dream." But more recently the second wave which started around the mid 1980s to the present, the immigrants from Asia have been mainly refugees from harsh political conditions in Southeast Asia. These recent immigrants arrive seeking new jobs and new opportunities but the job market is shrinking for less-skilled workers due to technological change. There has been increased immigration into the United States because under the current family preference system, it admits not only spouses, minor children, and parents of citizens, but also siblings and children over the age of two. But, for too many of these immigrants, coming to America has been a myth-shattering experience; because they soon realize that it is still very hard to succeed in America. When immigrants arrive in America, they strive for financial status and a comfortable home. However the first means to achieve financial status is through a professional job but a professional job requires training and some form of education. Immigrants who face a language barrier have trouble attaining that education they need especially if a college degree is needed because it is difficult to raise the money to afford higher education. Entrepreneurship is blocked by many of these same obstacles. And media success is forgettable because of the tiny market for Asian Americans in the media. Consequently, these new immigrants arrive in America with little prospect for employment and thus contribute to the growing percentage of Asian-Americans living below the poverty line. In order to simply survive, some Asian youth turn to crime in order to get some of the things that their parents cannot give them, which is usually influenced by poverty, greed, social comfort, and overall attention. Hell Side Wah Ching 1990s The gang’s origins lie in the tag-banging crew Hellside Asian Boys (HAB), whose ex-members made up the core of Hellside Wah Ching’s membership. While original members of HAB were primarily concerned with graffiti and graffiti culture, the merge with KTown Seaside Mafia (KSM) severely transformed the nature of HAB. While prior to the merge, HAB had partaken in petty crime, merging with another tag-banging crew irreversibly changed the crew. Local law enforcement officials had speculated that the clique was primarily 'created' due to the spiking interest in the drug market. Following the merge the gang was known as Hellside Mafia and has been involved in selling drugs onto a new lucrative drug market appearing due to the mass-immigration of Asian/Chinese immigrants in the Little Seoul Area. It's been rumored that certain members of the gang had developed ties to the local tong. It's been speculated that the tong had used Hellside Mafia as their muscle when it came to local extortions and drug trafficking. 2000s At the brink of a new millennium a bloody feud had occurred. What was formerly known as the Hellside Mafia had split into Hellside Wah Ching and KTown Circle Boys. The members of Hellside Mafia whom had pled allegiance to the local tong had then formed the core membership of the Hellside Wah Ching, whilst everybody who "didn't get with the program" became part of the KTown Circle Boys clique. In 2003 the Los Santos Police Department classified them as a street gang for prosecution purposes when three HWC members Nestor Chung, 17, James Chuang, 16, along with Joshua Hu, 17 and Omar Chin, 15 who was not in a gang were involved in the double homicide of Jack Cho, 14 and his father Li Cho, 45, on November 5, 2003. Jack’s brother, Bradley Cho, 17, was a member of the KTown Circle Boys and had a dispute with Joshua at their high school earlier that day. The four assailants were looking for Bradley when they shot and killed his little brother (not a gang member) and his father. It's been said that the tong had severed ties with the Hellside Wah Ching following the homicide of Jack Cho and his father. Little Seoul (忠诚) is a group of Roleplayers aiming to portray a realistic Chinese tong/triad located at Little Seoul, Ginger Street/Sunshine. All aspiring players may approach us ICly, roleplaying a "move in" is highly frowned upon in the faction as neighborhood-foreign locals are not engaged proactively in the faction' activities whether classmates or known locals, friends, etc. are more involved. We suggest reading any sort of guide on how to portray a realistic Chinese mobster member prior to joining us, however, be aware that our faction puts heavy emphasis on environmental/group realism as a whole as well, affiliates and members may not post screenshots on the thread until they've been approved via our approval system as we're very strict on ourselves regarding the fashion regime we've been aiming to give out on our thread. We also have a guide in our Discord server which you are free to read. Upon joining the faction you also instantly agree to be Character Killed by the High Council members within the faction. Anyone wanting to roleplay with our faction is required to join our Discord server.